摘要 随着无线通信网络的到来，一些社区研究人员对自助无人机或UAVs（无人飞行器）的兴趣日益增加。为了在某个具体的环境完成某些具体的任务，这些无线网络准许UAVs以一种特别的方式有效的配合。因此，通过无线电，每个无人机与其团队中的其他节点相连自主航行。此连接信号可以短时间有意约束无人机的机动性。这适用于在给定起始路线传递过程中的无人机。此约束在传输过程结束时被取消，并且每个被关注的无人机的移动能力与其他无人机无关。本文提出了一个基于群集的无人飞行器需要路由协议，称为BR-AODV。该协议使用了一个众所周知特定的请求式路线计算协议，以及数据传输中连接信号和路线维护的Boids of Reynolds机制。此外，本文针对积极的无人机和实时应用环境中的地面网，提出了一个自主地面基站发现机制。BR-AODV的性能评估，及其与经典的AODV路由协议性能的比较，说明BR-AODV在延迟、吞吐量和丢包方面优于AODV。
The interest shown by some community of researchers to autonomous drones or UAVs (unmanned aerial vehicles) has increased with the advent of wireless communication networks. These networks allow UAVs to cooperate more efficiently in an ad hoc manner in order to achieve specific tasks in specific environments. To do so, each drone navigates autonomously while staying connected with other nodes in its group via radio links. This connectivity can deliberately be maintained for a while constraining the mobility of the drones. This will be suitable for the drones involved in a given path of a given transmission between a source and a destination. This constraint could be removed at the end of the transmission process and the mobility of each concerned drone becomes again independent from the others. In this work, we proposed a flocking-based routing protocol for UAVs called BR-AODV. The protocol takes advantage of a well known ad hoc routing protocol for on-demand route computation, and the Boids of Reynolds mechanism for connectivity and route maintaining while data is being transmitted. Moreover, an automatic ground base stations discovery mechanism has been introduced for a proactive drones and ground networks association needed for the context of real-time applications. The performance of BR-AODV was evaluated and compared with that of classical AODV routing protocol and the results show that BR-AODV outperforms AODV in terms of delay, throughput and packet loss.
About author: Nour El Houda Bahloul received her M.Sc. degree in computer science from the University of Batna 2, Batna, in 2013. She is currently working towards her Ph.D. degree in computer science jointly at University of Batna 2 and University of Paris 13. Her research interests include wireless vehicular ad hoc network, wireless sensor network, and parallel and distributed protocols
Nour El Houda Bahloul, Saadi Boudjit, Marwen Abdennebi, Djallel Eddine Boubiche.一个基于群集的无人飞行器需求路由协议[J] Journal of Computer Science and Technology , 2018,V33(2): 263-276
Nour El Houda Bahloul, Saadi Boudjit, Marwen Abdennebi, Djallel Eddine Boubiche.A Flocking-Based on Demand Routing Protocol for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles[J] Journal of Computer Science and Technology, 2018,V33(2): 263-276
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