? 基于比特币网络的轻量级电子证据保存系统
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Journal of Computer Science and Technology 2018, Vol. 33 Issue (3) :568-586    DOI: 10.1007/s11390-018-1841-4
Special Section on Blockchain and Cryptocurrency Systems << Previous Articles | Next Articles >>
基于比特币网络的轻量级电子证据保存系统
Mingming Wang1, Qianhong Wu1, Member, CCF, ACM, IEEE, Bo Qin2, Qin Wang1 Jianwei Liu1, Member, CCF, IEEE, Zhenyu Guan1,*, Member, IEEE
1 School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China;
2 School of Information, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
Lightweight and Manageable Digital Evidence Preservation System on Bitcoin
Mingming Wang1, Qianhong Wu1, Member, CCF, ACM, IEEE, Bo Qin2, Qin Wang1 Jianwei Liu1, Member, CCF, IEEE, Zhenyu Guan1,*, Member, IEEE
1 School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China;
2 School of Information, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China

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摘要 一个高效且安全的电子证据保存系统需要呈现防丢失,防伪造,防篡改以及可验证的特性,基于第三方云存储的传统方案常常被中心化的安全隐患所困扰,操作透明性与规范性的缺失易引发信任危机,昂贵、低效与不合理的设计更是严重影响了证据保存的公信力。与之相比,去中心化的区块链网络,具备信息防篡改,隐私安全,透明公开,验证方便的特点,是完成电子证据存储的良好环境。再配合潜信道的挖掘与使用,我们可以将数字货币系统中的交易网络转化为证据保存与审计网络。
本文中,我们提出并实现了一个轻量级的电子证据保存框架,其具备匿名安全,审计透明,操作简便与功能可延展的特点。其中,匿名性由密码学方案的设计保证,在数字货币系统上通过哈希函数与潜信道加密方案生成并保存电子证据的密码学证明,避免敏感隐私数据的泄露;系统充分挖掘隐蔽信道,优化了证据保存的成本、互联性以及安全性,将比特币网络充足的算力转化为应用的信用价值;通过成熟区块链不可伪造的时间戳与抗篡改的数据特征生成审计结果的存在性证明以实现审计透明;证据链结构的搭建优化了电子证据的管理效率,使系统具有更强的可拓展性,便于机构间司法合作与监管的进行;细粒度的分层服务设计赋予了系统轻便性与更低的成本。最后,我们给出了完整的系统安全、效率、成本、可行性分析以及具体的软件实现结果,以便于读者尝试并深入理解我们的系统。
关键词区块链   隐蔽信道   数据审计   电子证据     
Abstract: An effective and secure system used for evidence preservation is essential to possess the properties of anti-loss, anti-forgery, anti-tamper as well as perfect verifiability. Traditional architecture which relies on centralized cloud storage is depressingly beset by the security problems such as incomplete confidence and unreliable regulation. Moreover, an expensive, inefficient and incompatible design impedes the effort of evidence preservation. In contrast, the decentralized blockchain network is qualified as a perfect replacement for its secure anonymity, irrevocable commitment and transparent traceability. Combined with subliminal channels in blockchain, we have weaved the transaction network with newly designed evidence audit network. In this paper, we have presented and implemented a lightweight digital evidence-preservation architecture which possesses the features of privacy-anonymity, audit-transparency, function-scalability and operation-lightweight. The anonymity is naturally formed from the cryptographic design, since the cipher evidence under encrypted cryptosystem and hash based functions leakages nothing to the public. Covert channels are efficiently excavated to optimize the cost, connectivity and security of the framework, transforming the great computation power of Bitcoin network to the value of credit. The transparency used for audit, which relates to the proof of existence, comes from instant timestamps and irreversible hash functions in mature blockchain network. The scalability is represented by the evidence chain interacted with the original blockchain, and the extended chains on top of mainchain will cover the most of auditors in different institutions. And the lightweight, which is equal to low-cost, is derived from our fine-grained hierarchical services. At last, analyses of efficiency, security, and availability have shown the complete accomplishment of our system.
KeywordsBlockchain   Covert channel   Data auditing   Digital evidence     
Received 2017-11-20;
本文基金:

This work is supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China under Grant No. 2017YFB0802500, the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos. 61772538, 61672083, 61370190, 61532021, 61472429, and 61402029, and the National Cryptography Development Fund of China under Grant No. MMJJ20170106.

通讯作者: Zhenyu Guan     Email: guanzhenyu@buaa.edu.cn
About author: Mingming Wang received his Bachelor of Engineering degree in electrical engineering from Beihang University, Beijing, in 2017. He is now pursuing his Ph.D. degree in information and communication engineering in Beihang University, Beijing. His research interests include blockchain, classic cryptography and game theory.
引用本文:   
Mingming Wang, Qianhong Wu, Bo Qin, Qin Wang, Jianwei Liu, Zhenyu Guan.基于比特币网络的轻量级电子证据保存系统[J]  Journal of Computer Science and Technology , 2018,V33(3): 568-586
Mingming Wang, Qianhong Wu, Bo Qin, Qin Wang, Jianwei Liu, Zhenyu Guan.Lightweight and Manageable Digital Evidence Preservation System on Bitcoin[J]  Journal of Computer Science and Technology, 2018,V33(3): 568-586
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