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›› 2010, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (6): 1103-1117.

• Special Issue on Software Engineering for High-Confidence Systems •

### Semantic Interoperability Aggregation in Service Requirements Refinement

Ke-Qing He (何克清), Senior Member, CCF, IEEE, Jian Wang (王健), Member, CCF and Peng Liang (梁鹏), Member, CCF, ACM, IEEE

1. State Key Lab of Software Engineering (SKLSE), Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
• Received:2009-07-15 Revised:2010-01-28 Online:2010-11-01 Published:2010-11-01
• About author:Ke-Qing He received his B.S. degree in mathematics from Wuhan University in 1970 and Ph.D. degree in computer science from Hokkaido University of Japan in 1995. He is a professor in State Key Lab of Software Engineering (SKLSE) and the director of Software Engineering Institute at Wuhan University. His research interests include service-oriented software engineering, networked software engineering based on complex system, service-oriented requirements engineering, and software engineering technical standards for interoperability. He is now a senior member of IEEE and CCF, and Vice Director of CCF TCSC (Technical Committee on Service Computing), and an editor of ISO/IEC JTC1 SC32. Until now, he has published over 120 papers and 4 monographs, and developed ISO standard ISO/IEC 19763-3.
Jian Wang received his B.S. degree from University of Jinan in 2002, M.S. degree from Guizhou University in 2005, and Ph.D. degree from Wuhan University in 2008. He is a lecturer in the State Key Lab of Software Engineering (SKLSE) at Wuhan University. His main research interests include requirements engineering, service registration, and semantic interoperability. He is a member of CCF.
Peng Liang received his B.S. degree in computer science from Wuhan University of Technology in 2000, and M.S. degree in computer science (software engineering) from Vrije Universiteit Brussel in 2002, and Ph.D. degree in computer science (software engineering) from Wuhan University in 2006. He is an associate professor in the State Key Lab of Software Engineering (SKLSE) at Wuhan University. His research interests include software engineering, semantic-enabled requirements engineering, software architecture, and software interoperability. He is a member of CCF, IEEE and ACM. He has published over 40 publications, including five book chapters and one co-authored book.
• Supported by:

This work is supported by the National Basic Research 973 Program of China under Grant No. 2007CB310801, the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos. 60970017 and 60903034.

Semantic refinement of stakeholders' requirements is a fundamental issue in requirements engineering. Facing with the on-demand collaboration problem among the heterogeneous, autonomous, and dynamic service resources in the Web, service requirements refinement becomes extremely important, and the key issue in service requirements refinement is semantic interoperability aggregation. A method for creating connecting ontologies driven by requirement sign ontology is proposed. Based on connecting ontologies, a method for semantic interoperability aggregation in requirements refinement is proposed. In addition, we discover that the necessary condition for semantic interoperability is semantic similarity, and the sufficient condition is the coverability of the agreed mediation ontology. Based on this viewpoint, a metric framework for calculating semantic interoperability capability is proposed. This methodology can provide a semantic representation mechanism for refining users' requirements; meanwhile, since users' requirements in the Web usually originate from different domains, it can also provide semantic interoperability guidance for networked service discovery, and is an effective approach for the realization of on-demand service integration. The methodology will be beneficial in service-oriented software engineering and cloud computing.

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