›› 2014, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (1): 53-68.doi: 10.1007/s11390-013-1411-8

Special Issue: Computer Networks and Distributed Computing

• Computer Networks and Distributed Computing • Previous Articles     Next Articles

TuLP:A Family of Lightweight Message Authentication Codes for Body Sensor Networks

Zheng Gong1 (龚征), Pieter Hartel2, Svetla Nikova3, Shao-Hua Tang4 (唐韶华), Member, IEEE and Bo Zhu5 (朱博)   

  1. 1 School of Computer Science, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China;
    2 Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Twente, Enschede 7500AE The Netherlands;
    3 Department of ESAT/SCD-COSIC, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium;
    4 School of Computer Science and Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510641, China;
    5 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Waterloo, Waterloo N2L 3G1, Canada
  • Received:2013-01-25 Revised:2013-08-16 Online:2014-01-05 Published:2014-01-05
  • Supported by:

    This work is supported by the National Foundation of Netherlands with SenterNovem for the ALwEN project under Grant No. PNE07007, the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos. 61100201, U1135004, and 61170080, the Universities and Colleges Pearl River Scholar Funded Scheme of Guangdong Province of China (2011), the High-Level Talents Project of Guangdong Institutions of Higher Education of China (2012), the Project on the Integration of Industry, Education and Research of Guangdong Province of China under Grant No. 2012B091000035, and the Project of Science and Technology New Star of Guangzhou Pearl River of China (2014).

A wireless sensor network (WSN) commonly requires lower level security for public information gathering, whilst a body sensor network (BSN) must be secured with strong authenticity to protect personal health information. In this paper, some practical problems with the message authentication codes (MACs), which were proposed in the popular security architectures for WSNs, are reconsidered. The analysis shows that the recommended MACs for WSNs, e.g., CBC-MAC (TinySec), OCB-MAC (MiniSec), and XCBC-MAC (SenSec), might not be exactly suitable for BSNs. Particularly an existential forgery attack is elaborated on XCBC-MAC. Considering the hardware limitations of BSNs, we propose a new family of tunable lightweight MAC based on the PRESENT block cipher. The first scheme, which is named TuLP, is a new lightweight MAC with 64-bit output range. The second scheme, which is named TuLP-128, is a 128-bit variant which provides a higher resistance against internal collisions. Compared with the existing schemes, our lightweight MACs are both time and resource efficient on hardware-constrained devices.

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