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Computational Mechanisms for Metaphor in Languages: A Survey

Chang-Le Zhou{1,3, Yun Yang1, and Xiao-Xi Huang2   

  1. 1Institute of Artificial Intelligence, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China 2College of Computer Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China 3School of Humanity, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
  • Received:2005-11-29 Revised:2006-10-20 Online:2007-03-10 Published:2007-03-10

Metaphor computation has attracted more and more attention because metaphor, to some extent, is the focus of mind and language mechanism. However, it encounters problems not only due to the rich expressive power of natural language but also due to cognitive nature of human being. Therefore machine-understanding of metaphor is now becoming a bottle-neck in natural language processing and machine translation. This paper first suggests how a metaphor is understood and then presents a survey of current computational approaches, in terms of their linguistic historical roots, underlying foundations, methods and techniques currently used, advantages, limitations, and future trends. A comparison between metaphors in English and Chinese languages is also introduced because compared with development in English language Chinese metaphor computation is just at its starting stage. So a separate summarization of current progress made in Chinese metaphor computation is presented. As a conclusion, a few suggestions are proposed for further research on metaphor computation especially on Chinese metaphor computation.

Key words: DPRS; GSMP; automatic verification; model checking; timed automata;

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