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Zhi-Wei Xu, Li Pan, Shi-Jun Liu. An Online Algorithm Based on Replication for Using Spot Instances in IaaS Clouds[J]. Journal of Computer Science and Technology. DOI: 10.1007/s11390-023-1535-4
Citation: Zhi-Wei Xu, Li Pan, Shi-Jun Liu. An Online Algorithm Based on Replication for Using Spot Instances in IaaS Clouds[J]. Journal of Computer Science and Technology. DOI: 10.1007/s11390-023-1535-4

An Online Algorithm Based on Replication for Using Spot Instances in IaaS Clouds

  • Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) cloud platforms offer resources with diverse buying options. Users can run an instance on the on-demand market which is stable but expensive or on the spot market with a significant discount. However, users have to carefully weigh the low costs of spot instances against their poor availability. Spot instances will be revoked when the revocation event occurs. Thus, an important problem that an IaaS user faces now is how to use spot instances in a cost-effective and low-risk way. Based on the replication-based fault tolerance mechanism, we propose an online termination algorithm that optimizes the cost of using spot instances while ensuring operational stability. We prove that in most cases, the cost of our proposed online algorithm will not exceed twice the minimum cost of the optimal offline algorithm that knows the exact future a priori. Through a large number of experiments, we verify that our algorithm in most cases has a competitive ratio of no more than 2 and in other cases it can also reach the guaranteed competitive ratio.
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